Considered the trick of all tricks, this trick was what allowed Flatland Skateboarding to reach a vertical height and gave rise to the merge of Freestyle to Street obstacles creating an entirely new style of skateboard. Streetstyle Skateboarding. Streetstyle Skateboarding became possible when Freestyle tricks were allowed to be done on Street obstacles and the Ollie was the trick that allowed this to become possible. The Ollie was developed by Alan “Ollie” Gelfand on vert. This was done by simply scooping the board up into the air. The Flat ground version of the ollie was then invented by Rodney Mullen. He figured out that with proper foot positioning you could pop the board into the air.
2. Shifty tricks
Perform an ollie shifty or a an ollie where you land in the same stance but move right or left. You can do flip tricks like this but there very difficult and usually are done as late flips. Shifty tricks can be frontside or backside. It can be only done with a heelflip or kickflip, backside or frontside.
3. Frontside/Backside 180
An ollie in which both the skater and the skateboard rotate 180 degrees either frontside or backside. If the skater spins some other multiple of 180 degrees (e.g. 360, 540), the trick is named accordingly.
4. Frontside/Backside 180 north
180 where u slide the front foot off the board. An ollie where u sldie oyur fronnt foot off is an ‘Ollie north but isnt listed here due to it not being a flip trick but a freestyle trick.
5. Full Cab / Caballerial
A fakie frontside or backside 360 ollie. Invented by Steve Caballero.
Frontside or backside 360 nollie. Invented by Rodney Mullen.
7. Frontside/backside 360 pivot
When you do a 180 land on the nose (which is now on the tailside) and pivot.
A fakie frontside or backside 180 ollie.
9. Pop Shove it
Popping the board with your back foot on the toe side of your board 180 degrees.
10. Frontside Pop Shove It
Same thing as a pop shove it except you pop in the curvature of your board on the heelside.
11. 540 Shove it
When the board goes 540 degrees and you land it.
12. Switch FS 540 pop shove-it
A FS pop shove-it when board goes 540 in switch stance.
The board spins by popping a backside 360 shove-it with the rider spinning 180 the same direction. Usually done fakie.
14. Frontside Bigspin
The same thing as a Bigspin but the rider pops a frontside 360 shove-it and spins 180 degrees frontside.
15. Backside Bigspin
A 360 backside pop shove-it with a 180 body varial going the same direction.
16. Frontside Disco spin/ kastalarial/ Twisted Spin
A frontside shove it with a body varial in the other direction.
17. Anti bigspin
360 shove it with a body varial in the other direction.
18. Frontside anti bigspin
Frontside 360 shove it wit ha body varial the opposite way.
19. Disco spin/ Kastalarial/ Twisted Spin
A sex change shove it or a pop shove it with a body varial in the opposite direction.
20. Plasma Spin
Frontside bigspin with a pressure Impossible.
21. Gazelle Spin
A 540 Shove it with a body rotation of 360 degrees in the same direction. Fs/Bs/. Fakie Fs/Bs. Nollie Fs/Bs. Switch Fs/Bs.
22. Shove-it late shove
A BS shove it kick it back to a FS shove it.
23. Shove it rewind
Do half a shove it and turn your body the opposite way than land back in your switch stance.
24. Fs shove it reqind
Do a front shove it and a body varial in the opposite direcion catch it halfway and put it back to the original positions accept your in switch.
25. Late Shove-it
A shove-it, either frontside or backside, performed at the apex of an ollie.
Where the board completes one rotation by rolling around the skater’s back foot, in much the same manner as spinning a baton with one’s hand. It is considered good style to make the board flip as vertical as possible. If the board spins laterally or comes off the back foot, it tends to end up looking more like a 360 pop shove-it. This trick can also be done with the front foot. That is called a “front foot impossible”. This trick was invented by Rodney Mullen. He shared the idea of this trick with some of his older friends who told him it would be impossible, hence the name.
27. FS impossible
An impossible in FS (in your back).
28. Double Impossible
This trick is when the board does a full impossible and continues to spin an extra rotation.It was invented by Richard Harter.
29. Impossible Shove it/Horizontal Impossible
When you do a horizontal impossible like a shove it but on your back foot.
30. Wrap Around
Basically an impossible but the board turns 90 degrees and wrap around your back/front foot it is half way between a horizontal and verticle impossible.
When a skateboarder flicks off the corner of his nose of the board, if he/she rides normal with his left foot first he kicks to the left and vice versa for goofy footed skaters. Invented By Rodney Mullen.
32. Double Kickflip
The same thing as a kickflip, only this time the board does two rotations before the skateboarder lands.
33. Triple kickflip
When you do kickflip and it flips three times.
34. Quadruple kickflip
A kickflip when the board flips 4 times.
Similar to the kickflip, only the board spins toe-side (towards the toes). For a regular skater (left foot in front) the board spins clockwise from a perspective behind the skater. Again, there is a kick as part of the ollie, but unlike the kickflip it is directed forward and outwards away from the rider’s toe side (diagonal), so that the last part of the foot to leave the board is the heel, hence the name. Instances of multiple spins are named according to how many spins are completed.
36. Double heelflip
When you do a heelflip and it flips twice.
37. Triple heelflip
A heelflip when the board flips around three times.
38. Fakie flips
Flip/spin tricks while riding backwards.
39. Switch flips
Doing flip tricks in your other stance.
40. Nollie Flips
An ollie off the nose of the board. Any trick can be performed nollie rather than an ollie (although they would be renamed accordingly, e.g. a kickflip from a nollie is called a “nollie kickflip”). A common misconception among younger riders is that nollie is similar to fakie. When performing a nollie trick, frontside is still frontside, as is backside, as if you are still riding in your regular stance. Fakie is meant to imply rolling backwards as if still riding regular. An example would be the a nollie frontside pop shove-it which is performed as if doing a switch backside shove-it, only riding backwards.
41. Late Flip
A kickflip or heelflip performed at the highest peak of an ollie.
42. SexChange Flips
A Kick/Heel Flip With a 180 degrees body varial in one motion.
43. No comply flips
A No Comply is Where you foot plant and than use your back foot and knee to lift the board of the gorund. It is a freestyle trick but you can do pressure flips, Finger flips, and spins from it.
A kickflip combined with a frontside or backside 180 ollie. This trick is also known as a frontside or backside flip.
45. Frontside/Backside Heelflip
A heelflip combined with a frontside or backside 180. This trick is also known as a frontside or backside heel.
46. Varial Heelflip
A varial heelflip is a heelflip combined with a frontside pop shove-it.
A varial kickflip is a kickflip combined with a backside pop shove-it.
A frontside pop shove-it with a kickflip. This trick is awkward to execute, and the board sometimes appears to move vertically through the legs.
49. Hardflip 180/ Ghetto Bird
A hardflip with a late backside 180 usually performed as a quick revert. When it was first created this trick was performed nollie but is now referred to as a ghetto bird in any stance. This trick was created by Nick Taber.
50. Hard Doubleflip (also Known as Hard Hard Flip)
A hardflip with two kickflips.
51. Inward Heelflip/Backside Hardflip
A combination of a backside pop shove-it with a heelflip.
52. 360 Flip/ 3 Flip/ Tre Flip
The 360 flip, sometimes called 3 flips, or tre flips, is a combination between a backside 360 pop shove it, with a kickflip thrown in there.
53. Lazer Flip/ 360 Heelflip
A combination of a frontside 360 shove-it and a heelflip.
54. Backside/frontside 360 heelflip
When you perform a frontside/backside 360 and a heelflip.
55. 540 Flip/ 540 kickflip
When the board do a 540 degress and a kick flip all in one motion.
56. 720 Flip/ 720 kickflip
When the board do a 720 degress and a kick flip all in one motion.
57. 360 Double Flip/ 360 nightmare flip
A 360 pop shove-it with a double kickflip.
58. 360 Hardflip
A 360 frontside pop shove-it and a kickflip all in one motion.
59. 360 Double hardflip/ 360 Hard HardFlip
A 360 Hardflip with two kickflip rotations.
60. 360 Inward Heelflip
A backside 360 shove-it with a heelflip in one motion.
61. Backside 360 Kickflip
A 360 flip where the skater spins 360 with the board.
62. 360 twisted flip
Tre flip sex change. When you perform a tre and turn 180 the opposite direction.
63. Inward double heel
An inward heelflip with two heelflip rotations.
64. 360 inward double
A 360 inward heelflip with two heelflip rotations.
65. Inward bigflip
A 360 inward heelflip with a body varial in the same direction
A 540 Flip with a 180 degree body rotation.
67. Frontside Bigflip
A 360 hardflip with a frontside 180 body varial.
68. Big Heelflip
Laserflip with a 180 body varial in the same direction.
69. Bigspin Flip / Bigspin Kickflip / Bigflip
A 360 Flip and with a backside body varial.
70. Caballerial Flip / Cab Flip / Full-Cab Flip
A combination of a Caballerial (a fakie stance frontside or backside 360) and a kickflip.
71. Half-Cab Flip
A fakie frontside or backside 180 with a kickflip.
72. Casper Flip
A single midair trick composed of two parts. The first part is a half-kickflip that is caught upside-down with the back foot on top of the tail and the front foot cradling the downward facing forward portion of the deck. The second part is a backside shove-it spun from this brief aerial stall.
73. Casper heel flip
when you do a half heelflip and and backfoot casper.
74. Anti casper flip
A casper flip but the front foot shoves and back foot is under the board. Almost laways done nollie.
75. Anti Casper Heel
A Casper heel but front foot shoves and back foot is under. Almost always done nollie.
76. Forward flip / Dolphin flip/frosty flip
Usually performed by ollying and sliding the front foot directly off the nose of the board instead of off one of the sides causing it to flip vertically between the riders legs. The rotations of this trick could be described as an inverted vertical varial kickflip or an ollie late nollie hardflip.
77. Jesus Flip
Six kickflips ( or a sextuplet flip) invented by Aaron Brown.
78. Disco Flip
A Heelflip with a backside 180 body varial.
79. Gazelle flip
A 540 flip with a body rotation of 360 degrees in the same direction.
80. Grape flip
A hardflip 360. [Invented By Donovan Strain].
81. Double Grape Flip
A double hardflip 360. [Invented By Donovan Strain with help from George Smart].
82. Hospital Flip
When the board does half of a kickflip, and is brought back around with the front foot while still upside down. Similar to a casper flip, but with the front foot instead of the back foot.
83. Kickback Flip
The board does a half pressure kickflip rotation, then it is brought back up and thrown in the heelflip direction, making it a half pressure kickflip to a late one and a half helflip.
84. Twisted Flip
A varial kickflip in which the rider does a 180 body turn in the opposite direction.
85. Nightmare Flip
A combination of a pop shove-it and a double kickflip. It looks similar to a varial kickflip, but has an extra kickflip rotation.
86. Daydream Flip
A double heelflip varial.
87. 360 Double heelflip/ 360 Daydream flip
A front side 360 shove it and double heel flip mixed Or in other words, a laserflip with two heelflips.
88. Scissor Flip/baker flip
A hospital flip but you do half a heelflip instead of half a kickflip
90. Stereo Flip
A daydream flip (or double heelflip varial) with a 180 body varial. Invented by Aaron Brown.
91. Storm Flip
A Nollie Backside flip with a late kickflip. invented by Jerry Hsu.
92. Kiwi Flip
Nollie under 360 flip.
93. Kiwi Spin
A kiwi flip with a body varial in the same direction.
A BS 720 Gazelle NerdFlip – the main way people do this trick is Nollie. Invented by Robby Williams.
A Pressure Varial Kick.
96. 360 ToeFlip
A Pressure 360 flip.
97. Feather Flip
A Half impossible and you kick the truck back down
98. Sigma Flip
A Half Nightmare flip to a anti Casper flip in one motion.
99. Haslam Flip
A Half Varial Kick to a half late heelflip in one motion.
100. HangTen Flip/ Gingersnap
When you go in a HangTen then you pop down making it do a pressure nollie hardflip through your legs.
101. Alpha flip
A bigspin hospital Flip.
102. Cigar Flip
The Skater has the board laying upside down with his feet under the board. The skater then flips the board up and lands on it.
103. Beast Force Flip
A pop shove-it triple kick flip.
104. Nerd Flip
Perform a regular BS shuv it, but dip your back foot below the board when it is suspended. when the board is on its way to straighten, lift your back foot up in a flick motion, causing the board to kickflip. Known as a BS Shove it, to Underflip.
105. Unward flip
An unward flip flips in the same rotation as an “inward heelflip”, but is flipped from under the board with the front foot.
This is trick is easiest in the nollie position, and is considered the complete opposite of a “nerdflip”. This trick can be considered an advanced trick because of the extremely awkward foot positioning an unward flip demands. Invented by Rodney Mullen.
106. Dolphin heel/Forward heel
A forward flipwith a heel lfip instead.
107. Half Wrap Half Kick
Performed by doing have an impossible an than kick under the board while itsu pside down so it does a half kickflip and you land it.
108. Half wrap Half Heel
Half an impossible but you put your front foot forward and once it goes half way kick it back with your heel and land.
109. Halfwrap heelside kickback
Do half an impossible but put your foot in front and than use your heel to flip the board one and a half/quarter times.
110. Half Wrap Kickback Flip
Perform buy doing half an impossible and once your front foot is under it you kick it back like the second half of a kickback flip. You than land.
111. Half kick half heel
When you do half a kickflip and than half a heelflip either its a backfoot half heel or a half underheel (frontfoot).
112. Half heel half kick
Oppositeo fhalf kick half heel can be frotn foot or back foot.
Flipping the board by using one foot that is under the board and flipping it in the kickflip or heelflip direction.
114. Impossible Late Flip Underflip
The board does half of the original ollie impossible and is caught midway with the back foot and flipped back.This trick was invented by Richard Harter.
115. Shuvit Lateflip
Is a shuvit with a lateflip motion.
116. Pop Shove-it Underflip
Is a shuvit with a underflip motion,usually the underflip motion is back foot.
117. Heelside kickback
Do a quarter heel flip than kcik it back so it does a roatation like a kickflip and land it.
A fingerflip requires the skateboarder to flip the board in any direction using their fingers on the nose or tail.
119. Fan flip
A pogo fingerflip. A pogo is a freestyle trick where your front foot is on the bottom truck and your leg is across the board while your back foot is across the griptape and you go up and down like a pogo stick.
A quarter kickflip late back foot varial heelflip. Invented by Rodney Mullen.
121. Pressure flip
Any flip trick that gains its rotational and flip direction from the same foot that popped the nose or tail. Pressure flips are executed using a scooping technique. Nate Sherwood is well-known for his extensive array of pressure flip tricks. Most Pressure Flips are performed like Inward Heelflips, because they are much easier than the Hardflip version.
122. 360 PressureFlip
A Pressure Inward HeelFlip/hardflip going 360 degrees.
123. Handstand Flip (Handstand Fingerflip/Handstand Handflip)
Can be done rolling or stationary. The skater can either be on the board or start out on the ground (if the board is rolling, they usually hop off then perform it). They put their hands on the board and then quickly pull the board’s edge up, causing it to flip, and then land on it with their feet. If they’re good, they roll away smooth.
124. Rail Flip
When you stand on the side of the board and use your back foot to flip the board using pressure.
125. Boneless figner flip
When you do a boneless, which is a freestyle trickwhere you grab the board with your front hand plant your foot on the ground and use your back foot hand and planted foot do get the board in the air. While in the air you do a fingerflip. You can do several fingerflips with this tricks.
Slides and Grinds:
A noseslide is performed by riding parallel to an obstacle (ledge, rail, etc…) The skateboarder then does an ollie and turns the board 90 degrees. They then land on the ledge with the nose of the board sliding on top of it. This can be done frontside or backside. The skateboarder can then come off the ledge either regular or fakie (backwards).
Similar to the noseslide only when turning 90 degrees the tail of the board is landed on the edge of the ledge/rail.
A combination of a tailslide and a nose slide between two obstacles at the same time, thus the name.
4. Boardslide, aka railslide
The board straddles the the obstacle perpendicularly as the skateboarder slides along the center of the board.
5. Boardslide Body Varial
This trick is performed by doing a frontside boardslide, While doing it the skater jumps and turns his body 180 degrees and lands back on the board. Originally called a “Slide n Hope” as in “Hope you/I make it” Invented by Jim Thiebaud of Real Skateboards.
6. Boardslide Hand Drag
You do a boardslide and drag the hand of your choice.
Similar to a boardslide only the skater turns 90 degrees so that the trailing trucks are placed over the rail/ledge/coping and the skater slides on the middle of the board. Considered more complex than a boardslide due the rotation over the obstacle at the beginning into the trick and the re-entry or dismount. Note that in this case a frontside lipslide involves facing forwards while a backside lipslide involves facing backwards. Also known as a Disaster slide.
Performed by ollieing over/onto the obstacle and fitting the edge/rail between the tail and back truck of one’s skateboard and sliding. Can be performed on flat ground (called a bluntstop) or downhill, possibly with only the tip of the board sliding on the street and all four wheels lifted.
Same as a blunt slide, only performed with the nose and the front wheels. 90 degree ollie over the object to be sliding, locking the nose into a slide position. Wheels drag across the ledge/platform like a power slide while the nose slides along the lip. on a rail, the rider ‘ollies over’ into a nose slide position.
10. Nose/Tail 5-0 Slides
A 5-0 Slide can be done frontside or backside, with either the front two or the rear two wheels sliding on the ground while the rider is sliding standing up or with his hands on the pavement. If the nose or tail of the board slides on the ground it is considered a bluntslide.
The Dark slide is a seemingly complicated looking trick in which the rider approaches a ledge or rail and does a flip trick onto the obstacle so that the rider lands on the board upside down with their feet on the nose and the tail and slides across the obstacle. Generally a half-kickflip or half-heelflip is the flip trick used to get into a darkslide.
A maneuver in which the skater semi-kickflips, and slides their board backside. Some may refer to it as a backside darkslide.
When the rider does a darkslide but brings the back trucks over the rail.
A casperslide is performed by flipping the board into an up-side down state with one foot on the bottom (now top) of the tail and the front foot underneath the front truck (griptape side) and sustaining momentum, thus sliding on the tip of the board’s concave. It can be performed on rails (rarely done) or flat ground. Often Attributed to Rodney Mullen.
15. Anti-Casper Slide
Performed by flipping the board into a nosecasper via half impossible and sliding on the nose in a nose casper position.
16. Crail Slide
This is a tailslide where the skater grabs the nose of the board with the back hand while sliding. Usually performed on a ramp. It comes from the same idea as the more popular Lien Slide, in that in both tricks the skater grabs the board to help put it in position for the tailslide. Since the invention of the Ollie, it is more common to Ollie in to a tailslide.
17. Crail Bluntslide
When the rider does a crail slide over the far side of the rail/ledge.
18. Nose Crailslide
When you do a nose slide and crab the tail with your front hand.
19. Nosecrail Bluntslide
You do a Nose Crailslide on the far side of the rail/ledge.
20. Bert Slide
A four wheeled slide in which the rider puts one hand on the ground and rotates the board while it’s still “grounded”. Used to brake, turn, or just show off. Originated in ‘DogTown’ while Tony Alva etc. attempted to copy surfers.
The powerslide is a four wheel slide usually performed to stop the skateboard. It is performed by gaining speed, and turning the board 90 degrees while leaning the body back. The hands do not touch the ground when performing a powerslide. The skater can also turn the board more than 90 degrees resulting in the board continuing to roll and a very stylish maneuver. If the rider is going fast enough downhill it is possible to do powerslide rotations.
22. Cess Slide
This is a four wheeled slide performed on inclines, banks, ditches, and transition. most common riding frontside or straight up the transition. At the peak of momentum, the rider unweights the board and slides the back wheels up to ‘catch up’ with the rest of the body at 90 degrees. Then as as the body’s momentum returns, the rider pivots the back truck while sliding the front wheels 90 degrees back toward the bottom of the incline. Simply put, backside shred up, pivot back down. A fun lazy way of riding transition backside. if you ride up frontside, you do this trick in a backside ‘alley-oop’ fashion. This is also VERY common in backyard pool riding, due the benefits of ‘feeling’ your way around the cement.
23. Coleman Slide
This is where a rider wearing sliding gloves performs a frontside slide using their downhill hand with the glove to break the wheels free of traction while swinging the uphill hand close to the body to revert the board back from the initial slide in a pendulum motion. Named after slalom champion and sliding godfather Cliff Coleman, it is regarded as a staple trick in downhill sliding because it allows riders to see what is coming at them (objects, cars, hazards) all while in control. A Coleman slide can also be used to initiate a frontside spin if the rider ends the slide at 180 degrees instead of swinging back to the original stance with a pendulum. If the rider flows into a backside slide with one smooth motion, it is possible to do 360 spins and more.
This is a backside slide where the rider puts both hands on the street in front of their toes and extends their body out into a push-up position (you can also keep your knees bent in order to spin around faster), either returning back to the original stance with a pendulum or rotating a full 180 degrees. A more difficult variation is to put only your uphill hand on the pavement and slide with your shoulders perpendicular to the ground. Toeside 360s can be done by continuing immediately into a frontside slide after the first 180 degrees.
25. Pressure spin
A hands-down rotation in the Surrender position. The slide can either be initiated by diving forward into a surrender slide and slinging the board around with your legs, or by doing a frontside or backside 360 and continuing the spin in a surrender position. Skilled riders can rotate as much as 1440 degrees or even more (there is no official record). Once the technique is perfected it allows you to rotate fast and slide very far while losing very little momentum due to the rider’s weight being on his gloves when his board is sliding and on his board when it is pointing downhill and rolling.
Also known as a Sergio slide (named after the Brazilian inventor of the move, Sergio Yuppie), a layback is a frontside slide performed while riding downhill by placing your uphill hand on the ground behind the tail of your board and breaking the rear wheels out of traction. From here you can rotate 180 degrees, swing a pendulum, or hold the slide at 90 degrees and thrust your pelvis upward to unweight the board, resulting in a longer slide. The last variation is considered to be the most challenging and stylish, but often results in flatspots on your wheels. Like all hands-down slides, this trick requires slide gloves to be executed at speed.
27. Surrender Slide
Another downhill slide requiring slide gloves, a surrender slide is when a rider places both hands on the street in front of their board and lowers their upper body close to the pavement, extending their legs behind them and gripping the board with the sides of their feet. While not a particularly difficult or impressive slide, it is useful for linking together various other downhill slides. The wheels do not necessarily slide in a surrender because the deck remains pointing downhill, although it is possible to drift in this position.
28. Primo Slides
When in rail stance and slide on the ledge slash rail.
1. 50-50 Grind
The 50-50 grind is where both trucks are on the edge. This move evolved from the horizontal-stance carve grind in pools and was taken up on top of the lip by such skaters as Jay Adams, Tony Alva and Stacy Peralta. Also called “Axelgrind”.
2. 5-0 Grind
Pronounced “Five-Oh”. In this maneuver, the back truck grinds the rail/edge, while the front truck is suspended directly above the rail/edge. This move is similar to the manual, although the tail may be scraped against the obstacle as well as the back truck, which is not considered proper on a manual. Also called “Tailgrind”.
3. 5-0 Hand Drag
This trick is a 5-0 and while doing one, you drag your back hand on the rail/ledge. Also called a Tractor Slide.
4. 5-0 overturn
When the rider does a 5-0 and turn the truck into a nosegrind.
In a Nosegrind, the skateboard’s front truck grinds a rail or edge, while the back truck is suspended over the rail/edge. It is similar to the nose manual, except performed on a rail, coping, or ledge. Jamie Thomas is one of the few people who can balance a legitimate nosegrind down a lengthy handrail. This move originated on vert, initially in the form of Neil Blender’s New Deal (nose pivot to disaster), then by his more advanced progression of said move, the “Newer Deal”, which left out the disaster part and just pivoted all the way back in. The “nosepicker” is also a fore-runner of the nosegrind.
6. Wax the Rail
When you do a Nosegrind Hand Drag.
7. Nosegrind Overturn
When the rider is grinding on the front truck and turns it into a 5-0.
8. Crooked Grind
Also known as Crooks, Pointer Grind, or the K-grind after the man to whom the trick is most commonly accredited, Eric Koston or Karl Watson. It is like a nosegrind, but the tail of the board is angled away from the rail/ledge on which the trick is performed, causing the edge of the deck’s nose to also rub. Invented by Dan Peterka.
9. Overcrook Grind
The same as a Crooked grind but the skateboarder ollies over the rail at an angle. It is when the majority if the board is angled on the opposite side of the rail to a normal ‘crook’ grind.
10. Feeble Grind
In this maneuver, the back truck grinds a rail while the front truck hangs over the rail’s far side. Likely invented by Steve Douglas around 1988.
11. Barley Feeble
270 to a switch feeble. Combination of both make it a barley feeble.
12. Smith Grind
This maneuver entails the back truck grinding an edge or rail, while the front truck hangs over the near side of the object,leaving the edge of the deck to rub the lip/edge. This trick was named after its inventor Mike Smith. It is considered by many to be the most difficult basic grind trick.The backside version was originated by deaf Florida powerhouse Monty Nolder.
13. Willy Grind
Very rarely executed, the Willy is done with the front truck sliding on the grinding surface (as in a nose grind) while the back truck hangs down below the surface on the side to which the skateboarder approached. Also called “Nosesmith” or “Scum Grind.”
14. Losi Grind
Popularized by Allen Losi. A Losi Grind is the equivalent of a feeble grind on the front truck. Also called “Nosefeeble,” “Over-Willy” or “Over-Scum.”
15. Salad Grind
This is very similar to the 5-0, but the front truck is suspended over the far side of the rail/edge the grind is performed on. Like the “overcrook” grind is like a crooked nosegrind the Salad grind is like a crooked 5-0, or a combo 5-0/bluntslide. This trick has been invented by Eric Dressen, hence the name (dressen, dressing, salad dressing).
16. Suski Grind
This is also very similar to the 5-0 but unlike the salad grind your front trucks are pointed towards you like a smith grind but above the ledge unlike the smith grind.
A 180 degree turn into a backwards feeble grind, exiting via a little less than 180 degree return spin. This trick was invented on vert by Neil Blender in 1985; an early proto-version can by witnessed in Powell Peralta’s second video, Future Primitive, during Blender’s brief cameo appearance on Lance Mountain’s backyard ramp. Many of today’s pros also do it on street obstacles such as handrails and ledges. This trick is easier to perform backside, but Tony Hawk did introduce the rarer frontside version in 1989.
Much the same idea as a Hurricane, except you ollie 270 degrees into a backwards Smith grind instead of feeble grind, so the board is hanging down below the lip, instead of over it.
19. Barley Grind
This is where the skater does a full 180 and land switch on the obstacle in a smith grind. the combination of the 180 and the switch smith make the trick a barley.
20. Layback Grind
This is an archaic variation of the basic frontside or backside grind whereupon the skater leans back (“lays back”) and places their trailing hand on or near the lip being ground,ostensibly to help “push” the grind further. Original Bones Brigade member Jay Smith did the earliest and most popular frontside examples, slashing out violently at the lip with his board while placing his hand well down the transition, in a very “surf-style” pose. By 1979 the move was being taken up on top of the lip (both truck and hand) by Duane Peters, the distinction being noted by the adjustment of the name to “layback roll-out”,or occasionally,”layback grind-to-tail”. The backside version was introduced by Eddie “El Gato” Elguera later that same year.
21. Caveman Grinds
A caveman grind is when a skater, instead of ollieing up onto a rail, starts with the board in his hand, places it onto the rail in the desired grind position and at the same time jumps onto the board, starting the grind.
22. Dark 50-50
Likes a darkslide but the board is upside and the whole griptape slidso n the rail/ledge. Basically it is a 50-50 with the board upside down. Can be called at “Tapeslide” or “Darkgrind”.
23. Primo Grinds
Primo grind in when you grind on both wheels/bearings in rail stance.
24. Pogo grind
When you are in pogo stance and are grinding on bottom trucks.
25. Grab Grinds
When you do grabs on the board while grinding. All nosegrinds/slides are used a lot with a tailgrab. All tailgrind/slides are usually used with a nosegrab. A lot of combos can be made using grabs on boards.
26. Crail grind
5-0 Back hand nosegrab.
27. NoseCrail grind
Nosegrind front hand tailgrab.
28. One Footed Grinds
Where u grind on one foot than land. One footed crooked grinds are most common because lots of time your back foot comes off because most pressure is on the front foot. Every grind can be one footed.
29. Hand Drag grinds/slides
when your hand slides on the rail while grinding usually don’t on slides or grinds where you lean on a truck. Can be done in any grind.
30. Body varial grinds
When you turn your body 180 while the board slides. Almost always done on grind that doesn’t require pressure with feet.
31. 50-50 Body Varial
In this trick the skater does a 50-50. While doing so he jumps and turns his body 180 and lands back on the board.
32. Coffin 50-50
While lying on the board on your back you’re doing a 50-50 grind.
Aerials and Grab tricks
In general use, the term “180″ is an aerial where the skater and board spin a half rotation. In common use, the term refers to an Ollie 180 performed on flat terrain, where the skater starts rolling forward, Ollies, turns a half rotation, and lands backwards. The same trick can be done on a bank, transition, or vert wall, but the difference is that the skater lands forwards. This is usually called a Frontside Ollie or Backside Ollie depending on the direction of rotation. A 180 can also be done starting from fakie, but in that case it is called a half-Cab.
An air where the rider and board spin one full rotation. Can be performed almost anywhere whether it be on vert or street. On vert, this is most commonly performed from fakie so that the rider completes the 360 facing forward. Jeff Phillips was one of the first skaters to perform this while landing fakie (usually doing a lien grab).
A 540 is an aerial where skater and board spin one and a half rotations in midair. They were first performed on vertical ramps and quickly became a staple of vertical skateboarding at the professional level, but they have also been performed on box jumps, pyramids, down stairs, and even on mini-halfpipes. In the early 80s, Billy Ruff invented the Unit, the precursor to the modern 540. He’d early-grab the front rail and twist frontside, briefly putting his other hand down on the transition in order to push off the wall, which made it easier to get the whole spin. Because he had to put his hand down, the Unit was always done below the coping. In 1983 Tony Hawk took it to the next level when he invented the Frontside 540 (the inverted version of which is now known as the “Rodeo Flip”). But soon after, for some reason he lost the trick, and it didn’t gain any sort of popularity until much later. In 1984, Mike McGill, then a pro skater for Powell, invented the McTwist, which is easily the most popular 540 variation ever (see below). A flood of variations soon followed, including almost every conceivable grab while spinning either direction, no grabs at all (Ollie 540), as well as versions combined with a Varial, Kickflip, or Heelflip.
The 720, two full mid-air rotations, is one of the rarest tricks in skateboarding. It was first done by Tony Hawk in 1985, and it wasn’t something he planned to do. He accidentally over-rotated a Gay Twist and Lance Mountain suggested that he might be able to spin twice. After less than an hour, he landed it and has done it consistently ever since. Like a Gay Twist, 720s are usually done from fakie grabbing Mute, but there have been a few different variations. Besides inventing the stock 720, Hawk also was the first to do Stalefish and Varial variations. Danny Way was the first to do indy 720s, Colin McKay and Jake Brown have both done Tailgrab 720s, Shaun White does a Backside Grab 720 consistently, and Matt Dove landed a spectacular pop shuv-it indy 720 at the 2001 X-Games. Bucky Lasek has landed an indy grab forward to fakie backside variation, while Mike Callahan, a one time pro from Chicago has been known to do a frontside unit 720 variation.
The rider spins 900 degrees backside in the air, usually while grabbing Mute. It is arguably the most widely covered trick in the history of skateboarding, as Tony Hawk landed it for the first time at the 1999 X-Games following the best trick competition. The celebration on the ramp quickly snowballed in to newspaper and television coverage which helped make Tony Hawk a household name. Five years later, Giorgio Zattoni and Sandro Dias both landed their first 900s within a week of each other.
The skater spins 1,080 degrees (3 full rotations) backside or frontside in the air. The trick has yet to be landed and for a long time was considered impossible. However as of recently skateboarder and snowboarder Shaun White has been working on it and is close to landing it.
A no-footed Backside Air where the front hand grabs the nose. Usually the front foot is kicked off the toe-side of the board, while the back foot is kicked off the heel-side, producing the impression of walking in the air, hence the name. Rodney Mullen did it on the flat ground first, while Tony Hawk was the first to do it on vert.
The Backflip is an aerial where the rider and his board complete a full rotation on the lateral axis. If the trick is done by launching out of the ramp, the skater lands forwards. If it’s done on the wall of a vert ramp, the skater lands backwards, adding significantly to the difficulty and danger involved. It was first done in 1997 by Rob “Sluggo” Boyce, because he “had seen BMX bikers, rollerbladers, and snowboarders do Backflips, and thought it was about time a skateboarder did one.” He first learned to do it in a gymnasium by launching off a ramp and landing in a foam pit. Once he was comfortable with the technique, he learned to do it on a vert ramp. Despite the trick’s appearance in many skateboarding video games, the real trick is still more legendary than commonplace.
9. Backside Air
A Backside Air is performed by riding up the transition, grabbing the board on the heel side with the front hand, lifting off, turning backside (toward the skater’s toes) and landing forward. It is considered a basic staple of vertical skateboarding. Some skaters grab the board between the trucks, while others grab the nose.
A one-footed tail grab, taking the back foot off and kicking straight down or sideways in a backwards direction. The idea is to take the back foot off and use the front foot to kick the board out ahead of you, and then catch the board by the tail and put it back under your feet. Invented by Lester Kasai.
Body Jar A Backside Air grabbing the nose where the rider smacks the tail of the board on the coping on the way in.
A 360 backside ollie from fakie. Invented by Steve Caballero.
An aerial where the rider grabs the nose with the front hand and the tail with the back hand.
Christ Air An air where the board is grabbed in one hand, and the body is in a “crucifix”-like position. Originally invented by Christian Hosoi. Usually performed backside (as invented by Bissnauth Samoru), but occasionally done frontside as well, or even a frontside finger-flip variation as performed by Monty Nolder.
13. Frontside Air
Likely the first aerial to be done on a skateboard, as it is one of the easiest to learn. It involves going up the transition, grabbing the board on the toe side between the feet with the trailing hand, lifting off, and turning frontside (toward the skater’s back) and then landing and riding down the ramp. It is a matter of dispute who did the first Frontside Air, but Tony Alva is widely credited with popularizing it. In the first few years of doing this trick, all skaters grabbed the board before lifting off (known as an “early grab”). Eventually, it became common practice to Ollie first, then grab the board. However, Ollieing in is much more difficult, and so it’s still common to see skateboarders perform the trick early-grab style.
14. Gay Twist
A Fakie Mute 360. Basically, it is a Caballerial with a Mute grab. It got named a “Gay Twist” because Lance Mountain (who invented it) thought grabbing the board was a “gay” substitute for the original, grab-less, Caballerial. Most skaters do consider this trick to be easier. Like the Caballerial, the Gay Twist has spawned numerous variations over the years. Some found it easier to grab backside instead of Mute, which they called a “Lez Twist.” Other notable offspring of the Gay Twist include the Frontside Gay Twist, Kickflip and Heelflip Gay Twists, Varial Gay Twist, and the 720.
This is more of a freestyle or street skating trick than most other aerials. It is essentially the same thing as a Caballerial, but instead of doing a 360 fakie, it is a 360 Nollie. This was invented by Rodney Mullen and has been done both backside or frontside.
Indy The Indy is done by grabbing the toe-side rail with your back hand while doing a backside air. Invented by Duane Peters, who was riding for the Independent Truck Company at the time, hence the name Indy.
16. Grosman Grab
In this trick the rider reaches their front hand down between their legs and grabs the heelside edge of the board. Much like a Roastbeef, but using the front hand instead.
17. Japan Air
Essentially a Mute Air where the skater pulls the board up behind his back and knees pointed down for added style.
18. Judo Air
A Backside air where the skater takes his front foot off the board and kicks it forward and pulls the board backwards while the back foot is still on the board. The name of the trick stems from the appearance that the skater is doing a martial-arts-style kick in mid air even though competitive Judo forbids the use of kicks.
19. Lien Air
Another of the basic airs. It’s a frontside air grabbing the nose or heel edge with your front hand (leading hand). Neil Blender invented the Lien Air. Lien is the creator’s name spelled backwards.
A one-footed lien to tail, where the front foot is taken off and kicked out straight down (behind the board), invented by Tony Hawk.
The McTwist is an aerial where the rider performs a inverted backside 540 (usually while grabbing Mute – front hand grabbing the toe side of the board). Invented by Mike McGill, who first performed it on a wooden half-pipe in Sweden in 1984.
A Backside Air where the skater grabs the board on the heel edge between the feet with their front hand and tweaks the board as forward as possible for added style.
23. Method Air
Another Backside Air variation where the skater straightens his hips and bends his knees so that the board goes up behind his back.
24. Mute Air
Performed by riding up the transition, ollieing and grabbing with the front hand on the toe side of the board between the feet, turning backside, and landing. It’s the same grab as a Slob air, but turning the opposite direction. The Mute Air was invented by Chris Weddle, and was so named because he was deaf from birth and thus had severe speech difficulties.
25. No Comply
The No Comply is an alternate method of getting air. The rider pops the tail of the board, planting the front foot in the ground simultaneously. They then launch off their ‘planted’ foot while catching the board with the inside of the back leg, getting the front foot back on board for landing. There are many variations include the Frontside Pop Shove-It No Comply, the No Comply up a curb, the No Comply 360, etc. All can be done by altering the backfoot position and how much pop and spin you put on your board.
The Nosegrab is similar to the Tailgrab, however, instead of grabbing the tail (back) of the board, you grab the nose (front). The rider ollies, pops back foot off board and grabs the nose (front) of the skateboard. Once the rider lets go, the rider must set his/her back foot back down over the back bolts and his/her front foot over the front bolts.
Performed similar to a Stalefish, however the skater grabs the heel-edge of the board with his or her trailing hand in-between the legs, rather than wrapping the arm behind. Invented by Jeff Grosso, it is much simpler to execute than a Stalefish, and is sometimes referred to as the “poor-man’s stalefish.”
28. Rocket Air
An air where the skateboarder grabs the nose of the skateboard with both hands and at the same time places both feet on the tail. Invented by Christian Hosoi.
29. Sack tap
A sack tap is when the skater flies into the air off a ramp, grabs his board in mid-air with both hands and taps his testicles then puts the board back under his feet and lands on the ground. Invented by Tony Hawk.
30. Saran Wrap
Taken from a freestyle trick invented by Rodney Mullen, this air is performed by grabbing backside with the front hand and then kicking or “wrapping” the front leg forward then in a circular motion around the nose of the board. Once the leg has wrapped at least 180 around the board, the back hand grabs like a frontside air while the back hand is released and the front foot is placed back on the board.
31. Sean Penn
The Sean Penn is similar to a Madonna except the skateboarder turns backside instead of frontside, usually kicking the front foot up and off the toe side of the board before hitting the tail on the coping. It was named because Sean Penn was married to Madonna for a while, and thus was the opposite of Madonna. Possibly invented by Mark Rogowski, who popularized the trick.
Performed by riding up the transition grabbing with your leading hand on the toe side of the board between the feet, launching off the coping turning frontside, and landing. The Layback air—which has a similar “grab”— preceded the slob-air by a number of years. Although the Slob-Air was invented by Blair Watson in 1979, the move was not documented until 1982 in Thrasher Magazine (the move was named by Thrasher photographer Mörizen Föche, aka Mofo, who took the shot). Since then there have been a number of variations. While Slob-Airs, Slob-Bonelesses and Fastplants, Slob-Airs were common in the 1980s and are still staples of transition skateboarding, nearer to the present, Tony Hawk made a Heelflip Slob Air and Lincoln Ueda landed a Slob 540.
One of the more difficult aerial variations. A Stalefish is a heel-side grab with your back hand reaching around your back leg, meaning it’s not only awkward to reach, but necessitates that you grab quite late in your air. As for the name, it came from a camper at a Swedish skate camp where Tony Hawk was practicing. One day Tony landed the first Stalefish but didn’t have a name for it yet. During dinner, the only thing they had to eat at the camp was canned fish. The dinner apparently wasn’t too appetizing to Tony, who called it “stale fish.” The camper he was with misunderstood and assumed he was naming his new trick, and it stuck.
A more sophisticated grab trick,the stiffy,is very close to the Indy grab,being a variant. In the stiffy,the skater is in the same position as an indy,except the rider is at a 90° angle and is shaking the board with their trailing hand. This trick requires lots of air.
The skater pops either side of the board, reaches behind, and grabs the tail with his/her hand. Generally considered one of the hardest of the basic aerials to do, since grabbing the tail adds little stability and tends to want to make the front foot come off the board.
Originally a Varial was a Frontside Air where the skater reached between the legs and grabbed the board on the heel edge with the back hand (now known as a Roastbeef grab), then turned the board 180 degrees frontside with the hand before putting it back on the feet and landing. Like all Frontside Airs at the time, they were performed without an Ollie (early-grab). This version, however, is not very common anymore. Tony Hawk invented the Backside Varial in 1980, adding an Ollie in the process. Before long, 360 Varials, where the skater turns the board 360 degrees backside and grabs it, became commonplace. After the invention of the Kickflip Indy, most professional vert skaters had to be able to perform one to win a contest, and soon they were looking for ways to increase the difficulty. One of the ways was to spin the board 180 degrees during the Kickflip, which ended up being called a Varial Kickflip Indy. Somehow the term filtered back in to street skating and it became common for a Kickflip combined with a Pop Shove it (180 spin of the board) to be called a Varial Kickflip. Some have even gone so far as to drop the “kickflip” from the name altogether, calling a Kickflip Shove-it a “Varial.” However, vertical skateboarders still use the term Varial to describe any trick involving spinning the board and grabbing it.
1. Axle stall
An axle stall is a stall on both trucks of a skateboard. It is used commonly to regain composure before performing another trick or to “drop in” on a ramp. Essentially a stationary 50-50.
A front side or backside 270 (one and a quarter rotations) to axle stall. Named for Bam Margera.
This is a stall on the wheelbase of the board. (between the trucks)
Bean Plant A nosegrab or melon grab wherein the front foot is planted from the heel edge of the board. Though originally performed frontside, hence the name (Boneless + Lien), it is most commonly done to fakie.
4. Blunt to Fakie
The back truck is placed over the lip of the ramp and the tail is placed on the lip, appearing like a stationary blunt stall, hence the name. A small ollie is then performed to come off the lip and ride back down the ramp in fakie. You can also do a small 180 ollie out, if you ollie out frontside you get a frontside blunt stall, and likewise for a backside 180. Originally, this trick was pulled back in with a variety of grabs. The “ollie blunt” as it was originally called was invented by Seattle’s Aaron Dieter.
A crailtap is a tail block but done while holding the boards nose with the trailing hand (crail grab) and leaning over the transition as you land. Variations include: crail grind and creeper (crail sweeper).
6. Dark stall
Stalling on a coping or edge while having the board be upside down so the grip side is touching the ground.
Invented by the “Master of Disaster” Duane Peters, this trick is where the skater ollies 180 degrees and lands in the center of his board with the front trucks facing towards the ramp and the back trucks over the lip. The skater then leans forwards to return back in the ramp.
Any trick that goes back in switchstance which was not initiated from a “switched” stance, or when the normal back foot is the leading foot.
Much like the 50-50 however the front truck extends over the coping or top of the ramp.
A frontside 180 indy boneless, landing on the coping, one-footed the skater now grabs the nose of the deck and bonless’s back into the ramp.
11. New Deal
Invented by Neil Blender. Essentially a nosepick snapped off into a disaster. Can also be done while grinding, then sliding.
12. Nose blunt
Either 180 up to the lip, or come up fakie and land on the front foot with your nose and truck balancing on the edge of the coping. A nollie or grab is then done to come back into the ramp. tailgrab and frontside grab is recommended.
13. Nose pick
A stall on the front truck which is grabbed for re entry. May be done B/S or F/S.
14. Nose stall
A trick where the skater reaches the top of the transition, leans on the skateboard’s nose atop the ramp, and drops back in switch or reverts back to regular either frontside or backside.
15. Oakel Spin
The board is Indy Bonelessed 180 out of a ramp, such as a bowl or mini-ramp. Whilst in mid – air the nose of the board is grabbed and finger flipped, landing in tailstall. After landing in tailstall, the rider then rotates 180 degrees out of tailstall. This trick was created and Popularized by Luke Warren.
The most basic go up and turn around on your back truck. Add a little flair by slashing at the coping instead. frontside or backside.
17. Pull Up
Another trick created by Luke Warren. The Board is stalled in a tail-stall, the board is grabbed in either, Indy, melon, stalefish, seatbelt or nose grab. The board is pulled up off of the copin in which grants the rider Air.
Any air straight up and then landing in a rock and roll. Popularized by Craig Johnson, who would do them 5 feet or higher.
19. Tail Drop
Essentially a Tail Stall done on a ledge and popping out of it onto the ground/bank. Variations can include flips with it.
20. Rock and Roll
Similar to the Rock to Fakie only a quick 180 is done as you come off the lip so that you don’t ride fakie. The frontside variation is much harder and is considered one of the most stylish lip tricks.
21. Rock Song
Frontside pop shove-it to fakie rock. Invented by Daewon Song.
22. Rock to Fakie/Fakie Rock
This is a quick, common and easy lip trick performed mostly to link tricks together on mini ramps. The front truck is placed over the lip of the ramp and then the board is “rocked” slightly before coming back down backwards (fakie).
23. Sally Rock
Ollie air straight up and then landing in a rock and roll to fakie. Proper execution is done fluid and fast. Sometimes referred to as a “Pop Rock.” Invented by Salman Agah.
24. Smith Grind
A trick where the back trucks are on the coping and the front trucks aimed into the ramp. Can be done as a stall or grinded. The frontside version was invented by Mike Smith, while the backside version was invented by Monty Nolder.
25. Staple Gun
A rider rides straight up and off the ramp while placing the back foot on the transition below the coping. The board is then stomped down onto the platform with the front foot and pulled back into the ramp toward the back ankle. Hopping of the back foot and back onto the board, the rider rides away fakie.
Similar to a lein-to-tail. A fronstide nose grab foot plant, where the back foot is taken off and rests on the coping. Variation: Creeper – a crail grab sweeper. Invented by Duane Peters.
(not really a trick but a fundamental again.) Any goofy foot trick executed by a regular foot skater or vice versa. get it, you switch your stance. There is no such thing as switch fakie. (or frontside indy for that matter) Fakie is when you roll backwards with your tail in front, period. If you’re going fakie but your nose is in front then you are actually switchstance because the board rides and feels different.
28. Tail Block
Usually done backside; grab the nose with the front hand while carving backside and stall parallel to the coping at the peak of the carve having only the edge of the tail resting on the coping.
29. Tail Stall
Stall on tail
30. Texas Plant
Go up to the lip frontside and take the back foot off and plant it on the coping, while grabbing the tail and extending the front leg. Traditionally there is a slight pause before the skater jumps back while simultaneously returning the rear foot to its proper location. It was invented by Texas skate master John “Tex” Gibson.
31. Texas Two-Step
Identical to a Texas Plant, except that, like in a Switch-Foot Pogo, the rider constantly (until dropping back in) alternates the planted foot.
A fakie tail grab foot plant, where the back foot boosts off the coping. Can be done straight up and down, or moving across the coping. Invented by Duane Peters, popularized by Craig Johnson.
33. Tuck-knee Invert
An invert that is grabbed like a Japan Air and tweaked severely, sometimes with the nose of the board hitting the helmet.
34. Warren flip
A Very unusual trick invented by Luke Warren. The board is popped backwards onto the shin which is now in a stall, the front end of the board is grabbed and flipped forward, this trick can be done or either ramp or street.
Inverts and Handplants
This is a basic lip trick where the skater grabs his board and plants a hand on the coping so that they are balancing upside down on the lip of the ramp. Many variations as to where the board is grabbed and how the legs are arranged make for a number of different tricks of this type. Examples are: Eggplant, Andrecht Invert, Gymnast Plant (no footed), Sadplant, and One Foot Invert, the Unit (540 frontside handplant).
2. Egg Plant
This invert differs from others in that the front hand is on the coping, while the back hand is grabbing like an Indy. Variation: 540 McEgg (invented by Mike McGill).
“Fully extended” fakie invert named so because Neil Blender (influential to the invert craze) tried this trick at a contest by the request of Lance Mountain “to fool everybody” thinking this would be a cool trick. Hence “everybody” was trying this attempted trick at the next contest. supposedly an inside joke between Lance Mountain and Neil Blender. See “Good Buddy”
4. Fall Guy
Frontside invert to fakie. Made popular by Lance Mountain.
5. Frontside Invert
Another Invert where the front hand is on the coping, rather than the back hand. The back hand grabs like a frontside air.
6. Good Buddy
A fakie invert not “fully extended”. Popularized by Mike McGill and Mark “Gator” Ragowski aka Gator Mark Anthony. This invert is a predessor of the “fully extended” fakie invert called the “Everybody” invented by Neil Blender.
This is where both hands are on the coping at the same time at one point during the trick, enabling the person to walk on their hands if so desired. Both hands must be on the coping because the trick is actually an invert to eggplant. The Ha-Ha is similar except that it is basically a stalled invert where the front hand briefly rests on the coping before returning to grab the board. The Ho-Ho was conceived by Neil Blender, but first done by either Jeff Kendall or Steve Schneer.
8. Jolly Mamba
A stalled frontside invert in which you stop rotating in the middle before you flip all the way around into the fakie position. Basically a Stalled Miller Flip. Invented by Neil Blender. *In Bones Brigade Video Three it is comically referred to as a “frontside Jelly Mumbo.”
9. Layback Air
An invert-like trick done frontside while grabbing slob and placing the back hand on the coping. Essentially an invert done frontside, with the rear hand planted on the lip. Variations: to board to frontside rock, to tail, to revert, to fakie, or to invert.
10. Miller Flip
An invert in which you flip all the way around into the fakie position. basically a vertical cartwheel. Invented by Darryl Miller.
11. Phillips 66
Basically similar to the reverse of a Miller flip, where the lip is approached fakie, back hand on the coping and the body is flipped in a frontflip-like motion and landing to roll away forward.
Similar to a layback air, but grabbed on the outside rail, more commonly known as an Underplant. Essentially a lien air handplant. Invented by Lester Kasai.
13. Sad Plant
An invert whereby the skater’s front leg is fully extended.
14. Smithvert or Smith plant
An regular invert where the board is tweaked in a backside rotation so that the legs are almost crossed, with the toes of the back foot touching the tail. Invented by Mike Smith.
15. Tuck-knee Invert
An invert that is grabbed like a Japan Air and tweaked severely, sometimes with the nose of the board hitting the helmet.
16. Woolly Mammoth
An unusual trick invented by Neil Blender. A fakie frontside handplant to nose blunt, where the back hand grabbing the front rail of the board while the nose and front wheels are resting on the deck behind the coping and the front hand is still on the coping.
Freestayle and oldschool skateboarding tricks
1. 360 Spin
’70s skate competitions would often have an event to see who could do the most consecutive 360 spins on a skateboard. Variations include Nose Spins, One Foot Spins, Hang Ten Spins, etc.
The skateboard is upside down with the point of the nose on the ground, raised at an angle and held up by the skateboarders back foot which is hooked under the deck. The skaters front foot stands on the underside of the nose. In this position the skateboarder can stall or slide along a suitable surface before flipping out of the anti casper position.
3. Broken Fingers
This is a Half Truckhook Impossible caught in a 50/50. The rider stands on the Tail, puts their front foot under the board and starts to jump backwards, while also scooping the board in front of him. This will causing the board to flip over and get upside-down. The rider catches the Tail of the board with the front hand and lands with the foot which was under the board on the truck. There is also a no handed version of this trick which has not really a name. Commonly called “No-Handed Broken Fingers” by some freestylers. It’s a crossfooted Half Truckhook Impossible caught into a No Handed 50/50. The reason why this trick got the name “Broken Fingers” is because how dangerous it can be. If you don’t jump high enough and want to catch the board you are going to crush your own fingers.
4. Butter Flip
This trick was invented by Keith Butterfield. To do the Butter Flip, you stand in Heelside Railstand, and hop both feet to one side of the board. Both feet are side by side with no gap larger than an inch or two between them. The rider puts pressure onto the end of the board, using the foot that is not on the wheel. It pops the board up and you grab it with your hand on the same side of your body as the foot that was on the wheel. This trick is the method used to go from Heelside Railstand to a Pogo or 50/50. You can catch the board with your foot as well rather than your hand making it a Butter Flip to a No Handed 50/50.
5. Calf Wrap (Flamingo/Figure Four)
A trick where the skater using one foot wraps the board around their other leg which is planted on the ground, then unwraps it to land back in a riding position. Mike Vallely helped bringing popularity to the trick. “Flamingo or Figure Four” was the original way of doing it because it looks like a Flamingo or the number 4 – where the board is touching the inside knee/thigh. This trick had little use till later faster versions were perfected (to accommodate the backside 180 re-entry on banks and ramps)Thus “wrapping your calf” instead of your knee. Invented by Derek Belen, made popular by Rey Gregorio, then perfected by Dorian Tucker, and Kris Markovich.
A freestyle stance where the skateboard is upside down and balanced on the point of the tail. The skaters back foot is on the underside of the tail and the board maintains it’s angled position by the skaters front foot being hooked under the deck. It is important to note that having the front foot on the floor is considered cheating, and not a proper casper.
7. Casper Disaster
Also invented by Bobby “Casper” Boyden, this trick has nothing to do with the Casper stance. While rolling Fakie or Nollie, enter a Heelside Railstand one footed. The foot that’s not touching the wheel will point down and nudge the griptape side of the Skateboard while the rider spins 180 degrees towards the direction of the trucks. After the board and rider have rotated 180 degrees, the feet work together to nudge the Skateboard down into a rolling position.
This is a specific Truck-To-Truck Transfer. Think of it as a half Impossible from a 50/50 to a switch 50/50 – still standing on the back foot. The rider starts from a 50/50, “throws” the board over the foot that stands on the truck and jumps up. When the board has done the “half wrap”, the rider lands on the truck and catches the Nose of the board with the same hand he used to flip it.
9. Coco Wheelie, Coco Slide
This trick was invented by Pierre André. A Coco Wheelie or Coco Slide is like a Primo Slide but the Deck never touches the ground, so you hold it in a Wheelie on the side. If you can’t do the trick standing on the wheels then try to stand on the grip tape, which is much easier.
This trick is done with two boards, one foot in a Manual on one board and another foot on the second. This trick was seen in the Girl Skateboards video Yeah Right!, Gus Van Sant’s film Paranoid Park, and the Lords of Dogtown movie. The Tony Hawk’s Underground game calls this a “Yeah Right Manual”.
A series of 180 degree Pivots. Can be done both ways but both start on the nose (or on the Tail while rolling Fakie). While rolling forward, pressure is placed on the Nose just enough to lift the back wheels. Once the back wheels are lifted, the rider turns either Frontside or Backside 180 degrees with the Nose acting as a Pivot point. This is all done quickly, you do not stall on any part. When the 180 Pivot is done, you quickly do another in reverse. If you originally did a 180 Frontside Pivot, you will now do a 180 Backside Pivot. When these 180 Pivots are done in consecutive lines, they are considered End-Overs (End Over End). It is not uncommon for Freestyle Skateboarders to throw in harder Pivots in to the mix of 180 Pivots. A rider may do a string of 180 Pivots where every two 180 Pivots he follows with one 360 Pivot.
12. Fan Flip
Fan Flip is the name when you do a Pogo Fingerflip back to Pogo. The rider pogos and once he got balance, he does a Fingerflip, jumps up high enough and kicks his legs to the side. After the board completes the flip he catches the board on the truck.
13. Finger Flip
A Finger Flip can be considered an umbrella term for a series of tricks involving the use of the hand to flip the Skateboard. The rider rolls forward, grabs the Nose of the board with the front hand and flips the board while simultaneously jumping up in the air. The rider will come down on the board or catch the board in mid-air. Many variations have been done including the Double Finger Flip, Varial Finger Flip, Backhand Finger Flips, and 360 Finger Flips. There are Fakie versions of all the Finger Flips. An Ollie Finger Flip is considered the hardest variation of a Finger Flip because the rider must Ollie first before initiating the Finger Flip. Professional Darryl Grogan is known for his Ollie 360 Finger Flip. Rodney Mullen is known to use an Ollie Varial Finger Flip in many of his runs and video footage.
14. Gymnast Plant
A One Handed Handstand, where one hand is planted on the floor and the other hand holds the board in the air. This trick can be done from Tailstop or a Railstand. There are many variations of this trick, because you can do every kind of Fingerflip with the other hand. You can also do “Varials” by grabbing the wheel of your board and spin it. The trick can be landed straight, in Tailstop, in a Casper or even in a 50/50.
While in a Hang Ten position, the skater pops down on the Nose, causing the board to do a Nollie Hardflip motion, traveling vertically between the riders legs and landing back in normal position. If the half flip is done with a Nosegrab, the trick is referred to as a Hazze Flip, named for Hazze Lindgren.
16. Godzilla Flip
This trick involves standing on the board in Tailstop with just one foot and spinning the board in an Impossible around that foot with your lead or back hand. You can use either foot and either hand. The foot must not touch the ground. Basically a hand use one footed version of the Nosehook Impossible. Not to be confused with the Godzilla Railflip, which is a Triple Varial Railflip with a Body Varial.
Basically doing a Handstand on a Skateboard. Many variations enolved from this, including One Handed Handstands, Headstands, Frogstands, Handstand Wheelies, Handstand Pivots, and Handstand Handflips/Fingerflips. The Handstand was taken to the other stances too such as Railstand Handstands, with the Single, Double, Varial and 360 Flips out of them and flips which were landed in Railstands again. Also TV Stands which are Handstands done in 50/50s.
A Backside 360 Nollie which was invented by Rodney Mullen. It’s done by placing your front foot on the Nose of the board and your back foot in Nollie Heelflip position. Then right before you begin the Nollie start to pivot just a little. Then begin your Nollie. If you can’t get a full Nollie 360, try landing it in a 270 and pivot the rest of the way. Once you learned it good enough going 270, then go for the full 360. If you want to pivot at the end, never pivot on the Nose, always do it on the back wheels.
A trick originally invented by Rodney Mullen where the board is “scooped” up by the back foot and wraps over the back foot in a 360 degree rotation and is then landed. There are many variations of the Impossible or “Ollie” Impossible that have been created over the years. Darryl Grogan is known for doing many different variations. He was the first to land Impossibles Crossfooted, Halfcab, and to one foot landing. Rodney Mullen has done many variations off the Nose, also known as “Nollie” Impossibles.
Another freestyle footwork trick. Set up with your stance foot, or your front foot, on the Tail of the board, put your back foot on the Nose of the board. Two things will happen now, and both must be done at the same time. Pressure is applied to the Nose and you pivot 180 degrees on the Tail to the side your front foot’s heel was facing. Your front foot is also removed prior to the 180 degree pivot and brought to where your board will end up after the 180 degree pivot. It is an advanced version of the End-Over or 180 pivot on the Nose or Tail because your foot is detached from the board. Invented By: Brian Remmer
The Kickback is a really old Freestyle trick. It’s a half flip backwards and then a full flip back forwards. It’s done by placing your front foot on the front bolts and your back foot only with your toes in the middle of your board. You start pushing down on your toes and when the board catches your toes, you jump, give the board a flick and after the board flips you catch it and land back on the griptape.
A trick similar to a bicycle Wheelie where the rider balances with the front or back wheels off and without the Tail or Nose on the ground. Manuals can be done with both feet, with one foot or on one wheel. In One Foot Manuals the rider places one foot parallel to the board and balances on the Nose or Tail. A Manual in which both feet are straight on the Nose is a Hang Ten; its Tail counterpart is called a Heelie. The rider can also do English Manuals, by keeping the back foot somewhere where the back bolts are and the front foot underneath the Nose and hooks the board up until he manuals. The most difficult variation is the Swedish Manual, most likely named after Swedish pro Stefan “Lillis” Akesson. This is the same as the English Manual, except you place your front foot on the Nose pointing forward and use your back toes to hook the board up until you Nose Manual. One of the most difficult manual maneuvers is the Hang Ten Nosemanual, where the skater places both of his feet on the nose of the board and performs a nose manual by balancing on the front two wheels.
Flip an Old School Kickflip, but as soon as it’s done flipping, instead of landing on the board with all 4 wheels touching down on the ground, land on it with more weight on the Nose for a split second Nose Manual before you Pivot on the Nose. If you did the Old School Kickflip and landed in Fakie, you would pivot out to forward. If you did it out to forward, you would pivot into Fakie. The M-80 can be used as a compensator if you don’t like the direction you end up in when you do Kickflips because you can only do them to fakie, or only do them to forward. Kevin Harris did his Old School Kickflips into multiple 360 Spins on one foot.
24. Monster Walk
Another type of End-Over. Rather than a rider doing a 180 Pivot on the Nose Frontside and then doing one Backside or doing one Backside first and then Frontside after, the rider Pivots Backside and Backside or Frontside and Frontside giving the rider the appearance that he/she is taking very large steps forward or backward. The Frontside variation has the rider always facing forward, and for the Fakie version the rider always twists blind or Backside.
25. No Comply
In this trick the front foot slides off the side of the board, with the body weight on the back foot over the tail, the board ‘snaps’ up and can be guided with the back leg/knee. To ride away the rider jumps with his/her front foot back on. The No Comply was commonly used by street skaters in the mid to late 80′s, most commonly being done off parking blocks by bumping the tail off them. This trick has many variations, including 180, 360, Varials, Flips, Fingerflips, Impossibles, etc. Ray Barbee is noted as a master of No Comply variations to many who have watched the earlier Powell videos.
26. Nosehook Impossible
A trick that flips in the same fashion as the Ollie Impossible, but done with the assistance of the other foot. To do it, the rider starts in Tailstop. Then hooks their front foot under the Nose of the board, and pulls it to the side as they jump off the back foot. Causing the board to flip over their other foot. This can be done crossfooted or with the front foot near the truck rather than the nose. in this case it would be called a Truckhook Impossible.
27. Old School Kickflip
Originally just called the Kickflip, this trick and many of the veriations were also invented the in 1970′s by Bobby “Casper” Boyden. Icluuding the first recorded Kickflip in vert skateboarding! You stand in the middle of your board, feet close together, pointed towards the Nose. Hook the foot you’re most comfortable flipping with under the board and turn your body. That puts your foot under the board. From there you give a kick, jump, turn side ways, and land when the board is done flipping. There were many variations such as Double Flips, Varial Flips, 360 Flips and M-80s. Your feet should never touch the ground in the trick.
28. Ollie Airwalk
This trick involves the combination of an Ollie with an Airwalk. The rider initiates an Ollie and grabs the board with the front hand. While this is being done the rider kicks the front foot forward and kicks the back foot backwards. This was one of Rodney Mullen’s signature tricks.
Done with the board straight up against your legs, this move uses the Skateboard as a Stick. One foot is on the bottom , and the other usually presses on the grip tape side of the board for grip. An easier variation involves one foot off with the rider grabbing the Nose. The skater can also do this with both feet on the truck, or with the feet crossed.
A Railstand is when one edge of your board is on the ground and you are standing on the other, usually with your feet also on the wheels. From this position you can do many tricks, including Flips, 180s, 360 Spins and combinations of the above (landing into another railstand if you wish), landing into Casper, into 50/50, etc.. The railstand and many variations were invented in the 1970′s by Bobby “Casper” Boyden. A Heelside Railstand is to stand on the board in Railstand, with your griptape facing your back, and Toeside is the reverse. There are several ways to get into Heelside Railstand as opposed to the limited ways, if not just one way of getting into Toeside Railstand. A common variation of a Railstand is a Cooperstand, which is a Railstand with one foot on a wheel, and the other on the Nose. While in Railstand, the limit to what you can do is almost non existent. You do not have to just flip. You can varial the board under you so it spins without flipping, you can stand on one wheel, on one foot and kick the board forwards or backwards so it spins around the one wheel.
31. San Francisco Flip
The San Francisco Flip is a type of a Truck-To-Transfer, where the rider enters a No-Handed 50/50 does a “No-Handed Carousel” to a Crossfoot No-Handed 50/50.
32. Saran Wrap, Wrap Around
This trick was invented by Rodney Mullen. Usually done from a Pogo or a 50/50. This trick involves the front leg tracing a circle around the Nose of the board not touching the ground when in Pogo or a 50/50. Experienced skaters can do several Saran Wraps continuously.
Another kind of “Walk” in Freestyle skateboarding. The rider enters a Manual on the back wheels and swings the Nose of the board around. The wider the swing the better the Spacewalk looks. The front wheels cannot touch the ground while the Spacewalk is being done. Many variations exist including Nose Spacewalks, Hang Ten Spacewalks, Backward Spacewalks and many more.
34. Street Plant
An Old School Handplant trick in which one holds the board in one hand, gets a running start, does a One Handed Handstand, puts the board under the feet, then comes back down. It is used as a fancy way to get onto one’s board. This is like an Invert on Vert, but done on flatground. This trick was one of the first “Street” tricks.
35. Switchfoot Pogo
A trick invented by Rodney Mullen. To do the trick, get into a Handed Pogo and then continouisly switch your feet from the truck and pogo a little to keep your balance. The trick should look like you were “walking” on the truck.
36. TV Stand
A Handstand done in a 50/50. While in a 50/50 or Pogo the rider grabs the bottom truck (the one with the back foot on) hops up into a Handstand with the other hand holding the Nose of the board. Land the trick by doing a half flip out of it. If you grab the top truck it’s called a “Jawbreaker”, which was invented by Primo Desiderio.
37. Walk The Dog
Freestyle Footwork in which you put one foot in the middle of the board, step to the Nose with the back foot, and bring the Nose to the back, spinning the board 180 around the center foot. With practice this move can be done quite fast and many times in a row or even backwards. Although it’s better to do it slower, maintain balance to create an illusion of speed as suggested by Bob Loftin.
38. YoYo Plant
Considered as one of the most difficult tricks, it was invented by Joachim “YoYo” Schulz (YoYo was his nickname) in the early 1980s. This is the same as the Street Plant but done without the feet touching the ground. Usually done by rolling Fakie and with one hand planted on the ground as the other is grabbing the board. Schulz has invented numerous variations of this trick.
39. YoHo Plant
Terry Synnott is seen doing this trick which is a cross between the YoYo Plant and the HoHo Plant. The HoHo Plant involves a Handstand with both hands, and only your feet in the air holding the board up as if you were upside down. The rider starts to roll Fakie into the YoYo Plant with one hand on the ground and one on the board, once he is in the YoYo Plant, the rider’s legs go off the board and he does a normal handstand on the ground.